Scientific Achievements and Discoveries of CERN

The European Organization for Nuclear Research, also known as CERN has immense contribution in order to bring various achievements to the world. It is an international concern which was established in the year 1954 with the help of the 12 European Governments. Standing at the 21st century, CERN has 20 European states as its member. However to take membership, there are certain criteria’s. The only purpose of CERN is to operate the world’s largest particle physics laboratory. Often the term CERN is also used to refer to the laboratory that employs around 2,400 full-time employees, around 1,500 part-time employees and have nearly 10,000 visiting scientists and experts in respective fields and nevertheless the laboratory have to represent at least 608 Universities as well as research facilities and must have 113 nationalities.

Since the inception of the organization, CERN has done some amazing scientific experiments making use of particle physics. In the year 1973 the finding of Neutral currents in the Gargamelle bubble chamber was very noteworthy. However CERN has not turned down the world’s expectation and it has made many of the scientific achievements in the consecutive years. In the year 1983, in the UA1 and UA2, the unearthing of W and Z bosons, in 1989 the determination of the number of light neutrino families at the large Electron-Positron Collider (LEP), that operates on the Z boson peak, then comes the creation of the first anti hydrogen atoms in the PS210 experiment in 1995, the discovery of direct CP violation in the NA48 experiment in 1999, in the year 2010 the isolation of 38 atoms of anti hydrogen, that follows maintaining anti hydrogen for over 15 minutes and a boson with mass around 125 GeV/c2 consistent with long sought Higgs boson in the year 2012.

The scientists of CERN have earned various prestigious awards for their contribution in particle physics. The noble Prize in the year 1984 was given to Carlo Rubbia and Simon Van Der Meer for the developments which gave birth to W and Z bosons. The Nobel Prize in physics for the year 1992 was given to CERN staff researcher Georges Charpak for his discovery of particle detectors. Even the birth place of WWW (World Wide Web) was also at CERN. The project initially started as “Enquire” initiated by Tim Berners-Lee in the year 1989 to help the researchers across the globe to access all the data and information to facilitate their researches. Yet the project was aimed at facilitating sharing information among researchers. The first website that went online was in the year 1991. CERN has now become the centre for grid computing and hosting projects.

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