Salman Rushdie as a writer played a role of antagonist to the belief of the masses. His fifth novel which was published in 1988 which was titled as The Satanic Verses had been very controversial and was opposed by the Muslim extremists. The Satanic Verses became popular due to Sir Rushdie’s controversial statements and his views sparked up the sentiments of the Muslim community. The controversy started from the very beginning with the title of the book which the Muslim found to be sacrilegious and therefore issued fatwa calling for death of Rushdie in 1989. In his novel “The Satanic Verses”, Rushdie had criticised the beliefs of Islam which had hurt the religious sentiments. It was then the fatwa was issued by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, on Radio Tehran in the year 1989.This novel had created a lot of unrest among the Muslim communities; particularly the Muslim spiritual leaders. His novel “The Satanic Verses” had created a lot of arguments among Muslim community all over the world. The criticism of the novel was not only limited to the controversies but it also added to the life risk of the author Salman Rushdie.
The Fatwa was as a penalty for the ironical words used in the novel and was seen as a tool for restriction of the freedom of expression. As a consequence of the ironical words used in this novel two nations UK and Iran were at logger’s head and ceased to have diplomatic relationship for a long time
In the year 1998, the Iranian President Mohammad Khatami withdrew the Fatwa as he did not support the killing of Rushdie. It has been 17 years since a death sentence was lifted from Salman Rushdie, but still his unwavering condemnation of the belief did not stop. The Fatwa meant to kill Salaman Rushdie who had insulted the piousness Prophet Mohammad. This book of him was inhospitable in several countries including Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Pakistan, Thailand, Tanzania, Singapore, Sudan, Sri Lanka, South Africa and Venezuela. The wider circulation of this novel was banned in most of Muslim prioritized countries because of offending remarks against the religious sentiments of Islam. The Satanic Verses written by Salman Rushdie earned fame because of the controversies it has created.
The publication of the novel The Satanic Verses sparked riot around the globe, number of bookstores were firebombed. Muslim groups in several countries in the West held protests in the public rallies, setting fires on the copies of the novel. Several people linked directly or indirectly with the release of this novel had been wounded seriously and many have given up their life in the demonstration and riots against the ironical contents of this novel.